section 47 of the constitution

[128]:para 86 Xenophon, as a British overseas citizen, did not have the right to enter or reside in the United Kingdom and so neither a citizen nor entitled to the rights and privileges of a citizen of the United Kingdom. The first challenge was that Ozanne had attempted to bribe an elector by offering a silk dress if she voted for him. KLRC has an additional mandate of preparing new legislation to give effect to the Constitution, Subscribe to our newsletter for updates on vacancies, tender opportunities and other KLRC updates, We do not spam and your email address is confidential, Chapter One - Sovereignty of the People and Supremacy of this Constitution, Chapter Seven - Representation of the People, Chapter Fifteen - Commissions and Independent Offices, Chapter Sixteen - Amendment of this Constitution, Chapter Eighteen - Transitional and Consequential Provisions, Article 14: Independence in Decision Making, Article 18: Induction and Capacity Development, Article 7: The Role and Responsibility of the Chairperson, Article 8: The Role and Responsibilities of Commissioners, Article 9: The Role and Responsibilities of the Commission Secretary, Reinsurance Plaza, 3rd Floor, 4 Taifa Road. [87][88] Ian Sykes had sought to challenge the entirety of the general election on the grounds that the candidate declaration contained a double negative, that the candidate was not incapable of being chosen. Elections. [121], In July 2017 Senator Ludlam resigned as having dual Australian and New Zealand citizenship. Constitution of Bangladesh, 1972 . CONSTITUTION ACT, 1867. 30 of 1994) was subsequently repealed by section 3 of Act No. Amendment of section 47 of Act 108 of 1996 10 2. Because the vote was so close the Electoral Commissioner had directed a re-court, during which it was discovered that 1,370 ballot papers had been misplaced. The Kenya Law Reform Commission has a statutory and ongoing role of reviewing all the laws of Kenya to ensure that it is modernized, relevant and harmonized with the Constitution of Kenya. by the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 1966, s. 2. STUDY. Sec. Provisions relating to Regional constitutions. 2Ins. [34], The first case heard by the Court of Disputed Returns was Chanter v Blackwood,[35] in which John Chanter challenged the election of Robert Blackwood. 3. Consistency with international obligations of Seychelles 49. PRELIMINARY 3 - II. The 2013 Senate election for Western Australia was close for the 5th and 6th Senate seats. [75], Robert Wood was elected as a Senator for NSW in 1987. 47. Articles and Sections of the Constitution. [90] The allegations that remained concerned allegations of multiple voting and personation. 2Ins. Constitution s 47 more specifically empowers the Parliament to provide that questions of members' qualifications, of vacancies in either house and of disputed elections shall be determined otherwise than by the house in which they have arisen[4]—which Constitution s 49 states to be the position inherited from the Parliament of the United Kingdom. [66], George Cole sought to challenge the 1964 Senate Election for Tasmania in which Bert Lacey was returned for the 5th and final seat. Schedule Section I. In addition, there may be a reference by resolution of either house of the parliament on "[a]ny question respecting the qualifications of a Senator or of a Member of the House of Representatives or respecting a vacancy in either House of the Parliament". Enforcement of the protective provisions. 2. by the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 1966, s. 2. The Court may dismiss or uphold a petition in whole or in part and, if upholding it, will declare: Costs will be as in ordinary proceedings in the High Court. The company supplied timber and hardware, by public tender, to both the Postmaster-General's Department and the Department of Housing and Construction. Establishment of the Federation. [103] Mr Ditchburn ran the same argument again in 2002 with the same result. The Constitution of the Republic of The Gambia A R R A N G E M E N T O F S E C T IO N S Section C H A P T E R I TH E REPUBL IC 1. 2 The Federal Republic of Nigeria. Section 1 vests the judicial power of the United States in federal courts, and with it, the authority to interpret and apply the law to a particular case. [46], William Hedges challenged the election of Reginald Burchell, alleging that duplicate voting had taken place. The reference (commonly termed a referral) is communicated to the Court by, as appropriate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives or the President of the Senate. 10 of 1995. [17] Toohey J agreed. The Court held that (1) the loss of the ballot papers meant that 1,370 electors had been prevented from voting, (2) the records of the earlier scrutinies could not be used by the court. Rod Culleton was declared elected as a Senator for WA following the 2016 federal election on 2 July, however questions were raised about his eligibility to sit as a senator. Barwick CJ took a narrow approach to the construction of section 44(v),[68] concluding that a person was disqualified if "that person could conceivably be influenced by the Crown in relation to Parliamentary affairs. 1 - I. Leader of the Opposition. Also included is the power to punish, sentence, and direct future action to resolve conflicts. The State and The Constitution. The petition alleged that the percentage of votes rejected during the scrutiny was considerably lower than that "in other States" and also "below that of informal votes in previous elections for the Senate in Tasmania". O'Connor J held that the comment was merely a joke. [50] The election was declared void and McGrath defeated Kerby in a by-election. The 300 invalid votes affected the outcome where the McEachern had a majority of only 77 votes. Mason J noted that the legislative policy that the Electoral Rolls were a conclusive record of the persons entitled to vote was "the product of the controversial and unsatisfactory history of Parliamentary review of disputed elections" and dismissed the petition. Powers and Duties of the Houses . Permanent Secretaries. [82] and it was later discovered that Wood wasn't a citizen at the time of his election. Match. "[98] The Electoral Act was subsequently amended to allow a person who changed sub-divisions to be reinstated to the roll. This petition was dismissed by Hayne J. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 Arrangement of sections Chapter I General Provisions Part I Federal Republic of Nigeria 1. 4 The Constitution ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Ñ Continued SECTION P A R T V GENERAL 14. (3) Parliament shall enact legislation to give effect to the rights in clause (1) and that legislation shall--. [118], Bob Day had been a senator since 1 July 2014. Control of public prosecutions. C o n tin u a tio n o f c itiz e n sh ip o f c itiz e n s b y re g istra tio n , naturalisation, etc. Section 47 of the Land Use Act violates Sections 46 and 6 (6) of the 1999 constitution. The Australian colonies enacted legislation based on the Parliamentary Elections Act 1868 (UK). [89], Alasdair Webster challenged the election of Maggie Deahm as the member for Macquarie by a margin of 105 votes. —(1) In proceedings to which this section applies, the court may, of its own motion or on application to it in that behalf by a party to the proceedings, by order give such directions as it thinks proper for the purpose of procuring a report in writing on any question affecting the welfare of a party to the proceedings or any other person to whom they relate from— [96] The Court held that the proper construction of the Electoral Act was that electors who moved to a different subdivision were not entitled to be reinstated to the electoral roll. Hedges sought to inspect the electoral rolls used at the election. Section 109 of the Constitution of Australia deals with the legislative inconsistency between federal and state laws and declares that valid federal laws override ("shall prevail") inconsistent State laws, to the extent of the inconsistency. The petition must be filed within 40 days. section 8 of the constitution applies, shall not passed in either House of the National Assembly unless the proposal is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds majority of all the members of that house and approved by resolution of the House of Assembly of not less than two- thirds of all the states. The High Court unanimously held that he had never been validly elected. John Kean was a scrutineer for the unsuccessful Labor candidate, Charles McGrath: An all-weather sealed road was not built until 1940: Despite the Commonwealth's promise in 1911, the railway did not reach. Oaths to be taken by members of Parliament. The Preamble has often been used by Constitutional scholars in order to determine how other parts of the Constitution should be interpreted, as the Preamble does outline several basic purposes for the creation of the Constitution. The Court had to consider the validity of votes, and whether they had been properly accepted or rejected, and the extent to which disputed votes were proved to have affected the result of the election, by reference to section 200 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1902. Articles 26 and 27– Whether the disqualifi­cation clause in section 7(2)(g) of UP Ordinance, 1983 offends the equality clause in Article 27 of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Full Document: HTML Full Document: Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982 ; Search within Constitutional Documents: Table of Contents. Tenure of office of President 52A. At the time electors were allocated to a polling booth and were expected to vote there, although they could vote at another polling booth if they made a declaration that they were the person enrolled to vote, that they had not voted elsewhere and promised not to vote at any other polling place. "[69], Helen Berrill unsuccessfully challenged the results of three elections. The critical part of the count was which of 2 candidates should be excluded, referred to as the 50th exclusion point. Standing Orders to give effect to section 66Awere adopted by the House of Representatives All other applications for leave were refused. 61—Classification of land. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and representatives twenty-one years of age at the time of their election. A 5:2 majority of the Court held that dual citizens are disqualified unless they have "taken reasonable steps" to renounce their foreign citizenship. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. The State. The legislative authority of a province is vested in its provincial legislature, and confers on the provincial legislature the power ­ a. to pass a constitution for its province or to amend any constitution passed by it in terms of sections 142 and 143; b. to pass legislation for its province with regard to ­ i. an… 47. [97] The Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters recommended "that the Electoral Act be amended to allow the reinstatement of provisional votes where an elector has moved between subdivisions in the Northern Territory or Kalgoorlie, but has remained within the relevant division. [86] In two separate decisions, Dawson J also agreed. Supremacy of constitution. [74] In a joint judgment the Court held at paragraph 13 that the section referred to "the act of recording or expressing the political judgment which the elector has made rather than to the formation of that judgment". Text of Section 3: General Revision of Constitution; Submission of Question, Convention Delegates and Meeting. The Emperor may delegate the performance of his acts in matters of state as may be provided by law. The vast majority of voters were not disenfranchised if their new address was within the same electoral division. 1. There are clear violations of the civil rights and obligation of the individual as guaranteed in the constitution. There are clear violations of the civil rights and obligation of the individual as guaranteed in the constitution. Advisory Committee on Prerogative of Mercy 55. Judicial proceedings shall be public, with the exceptions contemplated in the laws on procedure.2. Determination of questions respecting members of Parliament. Constitution of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea ... An Organic Law may be altered only by another Organic Law, or by an alteration to this Constitution. [73], These were challenges to the 1980 election of three Liberal Party members, Noel Crichton-Browne as a senator for Western Australia, Sir William McMahon as the member for Lowe and Grant Chapman as the member for Kingston. [1] The High Court emphasised the extent to which errors or illegal practice may have affected the outcome of the election,[11] with the effect that only close contests give rise to petitions. i by the people at a Referendum in accordance with the provisions of section 2 of Article 47 of this Constitution within a period of eighteen months from the date of the President's decision, or. Write. [30] There is no time limit, but in other respects the procedure is the same as with a petition, although the Court may also allow or request other persons to be heard. The Constitution is based on the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation, the common and indivisible country of all Spaniards; it recog - nises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed, and the solidarity amongst them all. 47. Articles 26 and 27– Whether the disqualifi­cation clause in section 7(2)(g) of UP Ordinance, 1983 offends the equality clause in Article 27 of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Similarly it was not enough to allege that Wood was insolvent; he had to have been adjudged to be an "undischarged insolvent". [104] Hayne J dismissed a similar petition by Mr McLure in relation to the 1998 Senate election for Victoria. On 8 August the Senate referred the question of the eligibility of Ludlam, Waters and Canavan to the Court of Disputed Returns. Permanent Secretaries 53. [12], The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918, which governs federal elections, provides the High Court with a jurisdiction as the federal Court of Disputed Returns. On 8 November the Senate referred those questions to the Court of Disputed Returns. [84][85], There was a flurry of activity in relation to the 1993 election, with petitions lodged, each of which were heard by a single judge and dismissed. Section 3 of Act No. [94] Kelly won the subsequent by-election with an increased margin. If bribery had been proven that would have been sufficient to void the election. The challenge to the addresses of voters was a challenge to the correctness of the electoral roll, and the Court of Disputed Returns was forbidden from considering the correctness of the roll. The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between … Its seven sections (or Articles) detail the core components of how the framers wanted the government to run the country. After the original scrutiny and a fresh scrutiny the 5th seat went to Zhenya Wang and the 6th to Louise Pratt. Rights and fundamental freedoms. The Court of Disputed Returns in Australia is a special jurisdiction of the High Court of Australia. The exceptions were the divisions of Kalgoorlie and Northern Territory which were divided into sub-divisions due to their large geographic area. Justia US Law Alabama Law Alabama Constitution SECTION 47 SECTION 47. In the recount the 50th exclusion point went the other way with a margin of 12 votes, with the result that the 5th seat went to Wayne Dropulich and the 6th to Scott Ludlam. [11] A special election was held on 5 April 2014. Part 2 Procedure in Parliament 50. Taylor J held that it was "impossible to say that, having regard to the percentage of informal votes recorded at the election now in question, informal votes were admitted and counted or that it is probable that this occurred" and dismissed the petition. Section 47 of the Land Use Act violates Sections 46 and 6 (6) of the 1999 constitution. The U.S. Constitution & Amendments: Read the Constitution (Continued) THE SENATE Section 3. the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch. Establishment Of National Assembly. In relation to the other challenges, O'Connor J held that while it was established that irregularities had occurred, these were insufficient to affect the result of the election where Ozanne had a majority of 1,645. The Kenya Law Reform Commission Act, 2013, Report Administrative Malpractice About KLRC. Section 47 of the Constitution of Botswana: An ngredient for Personal Rule 707 2. C ontinuation of citizenship of citizens under section 9 of form er Constitution. He was therefore incapable of sitting as a senator since at least 26 February 2016. 91.It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate and House of Commons, to make Laws for the Peace, Order, and good Government of Canada, in relation to all Matters not coming within the Classes of Subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Provinces; and for greater Certainty, but not so as to restrict the Generality of the foregoing Terms of this Section, it is hereby declared that (notwithstanding anything in this Act) the exclusive Legislative Au… A decision of the Court of Disputed Returns may be made by a single judge, but an issue of constitutional interpretation is likely to be determined by the Full Court. Barton ACJ held the Court of Disputed Returns did not have the power to require the Chief Electoral Officer to produce the documents to be inspected by Hedges. As Day had given personal guarantees to creditors, it was likely that he would be declared bankrupt and thus ineligible to keep his seat as a senator. Each of these basic purposes provides insight and understanding into the Constitution but does not actually provide any legal force. 17. 51. A 6:1 majority of the High Court held in Sykes v Cleary that Cleary held an "office of profit under the Crown" as permanent employee of government. [80], The High Court, Brennan, Deane and Toohey JJ, dismissed the petition in December 1987 on technical grounds. Starke J held that the counting of the votes for Perkins had been an honest mistake and there was no evidence of vote tampering. this Constitution and he shall not have powers related to government. 47. The Court held in Vardon v O'Loghlin that O'Loghlin had been invalidly appointed and ordered a supplementary election. the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch. The issue concerned electors who changed address without notifying the AEC. [87] The challenge to the election of Michael Lee was an allegation that Lee had misused his parliamentary postal allowance for party political business. The Court held in Sue v Hill,[102] that the United Kingdom no longer retained any legislative, executive or judicial influence over Australia and was therefore a foreign power. 1Ins. The Court declared that Mr Dropulich and Senator Ludlam were not duly elected, but could not declare who was duly elected. This jurisdiction was initially established by Part XVI of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1902[1] and is now contained in Part XXII of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918. Sitting as the Court of Disputed Returns, the High Court declared the Senate election in Western Australia as void,[11] and ordered a special election. Clerks to Houses of Parliament and their staffs. PART II Protection of Fundamental Rights and ... 47. 62—Public land. CHAPTER IV . [39], Cameron v Fysh concerned tchallenge by Norman Cameron against the election of Sir Philip Fysh with a majority of 31 votes. Central Government Act. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERATION OF NIGERIA ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS CHAPTER I THE FEDERATION AND ITS TERRITORIES Section 1. Defense of the constitu tion 7. The Republ ic 2. [3], The Constitution of Australia, in sections 73–76, provides the High Court of Australia with original and appellate jurisdiction, and also empowers the Commonwealth parliament to provide additional original jurisdiction. 6. [36], Hirsch v Phillips was decided two days after Chanter v Blackwood, where Max Hirsch challenged the election of Pharez Phillips. 45 shall stand substituted by the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, s. 3 (which is yet not in force, date to be notified later on) as— “45. (1) The official languages of the Republic are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu. Airmail to Darwin commenced in 1934 as part of the Brisbane to England service: It was reported that Ms Berrill had changed her name by, Wood was gaoled for one month in 1972 for refusing to be, Wood was fined $120 for paddling a kayak in front of the. UNION 1. A cquisition of citizenship by birth or descent. 65—Landholding by non-citizens. Australian Constitution - Section 47 - Disputed elections . [29] [99], The other unsuccessful petition was John Abbotto who challenged the Senate election in Victoria on the grounds that the "above the line" way of voting discriminated against ungrouped Senate candidates. The Court is empowered to declare: In practice, the references request the Court to determine how a vacancy so arising should be filled. 6 candidates were nominated, however Maj Gen John Forsyth died before the ballot. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. [3], Maloney v McEacharn was a related case, in which William Maloney challenged the election of Sir Malcolm McEacharn. [15] A petition can also be filed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Phillips majority was 167 and so Hirsch needed to bring evidence that at least 167 voters had been prevented from voting at Ni Ni to prove that their exclusion may have affected the result. It is not an official government publication. C o n tin u a tio n o f c itiz e n sh ip o f c itiz e n s b y re g istra tio n , naturalisation, etc. Most ballot papers were reprinted with just the 5 remaining candidates. In 1902 the Parliament provided that the High Court would be the federal Court of Disputed Returns. [126] The cases was heard by the Full Court over three days from 10 October,[127] and the judgment handed down on 27 October 2017. Amendment 21 - Repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment 13 . Vardon sought to have the High Court compel the Governor of South Australia to hold a supplementary election, however the High Court held in R v Governor of South Australia; Ex parte Vardon that it had no power to do so. In 2016 his building company, Home Australia, went into liquidation. *Art. Brennan J declined to refer the matter to the Full Court to reconsider the correctness of the decision in Sykes v Cleary that a recount for a lower house seat "could result in a distortion of the voters' real intentions". Questions of fact were determined at a trial before Gordon J. The Australian Electoral Commission petitioned the Court for a declaration that, because of the loss of the ballot papers, the election was void. Flashcards. Spell. Created by. 67—National Land Commission. Test. 63—Community land. Supremacy of the Constitution 5. The Parliament of South Australia appointed James O'Loghlin. On 7 November 2016 the Senate referred that question to the Court of Disputed Returns and Culleton was subsequently found to be disqualified from sitting on 2 grounds of section 44 of the Constitution. Section 44 of the Constitution E-Brief: Online Only issued March 2004; Ian Holland Politics and Public Administration Group Introduction. Section 47 of the Constitution is hereby amended by the substitution for subsection “(3) A person loses membership of the National Assembly if that person- (3) of the following subsection: (a) ceases to be eligible: [or] [63], The 1928 election was a half senate election in which 3 senators were to be elected for Victoria. 3 States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. A Look Through The Mist Delimitation Daya Sagar Media was hit with leads “Government planning to redraw Jammu and Kashmir assembly constituency borders”…. Brennan J held that "the jurisdiction of the Court of Disputed Returns does not extend to the making of a declaration that the entirety of a general election is void". Gaudron J held that the allegation was not a breach of the Electoral Act and so was not a ground on which an election could be declared to be invalid or void. (1) In every Bill presented to the Governor-General for assent, other than a Bill for a special Act as defined in subsection (3) of section 37 of this Constitution or a Bill presented under section 49, 56 or 57 of this Constitution or a Bill for an Act to which section 50 of this Constitution refers, the words of enactment shall be as follows: - At the general election to be held in the year 1978, and in each 16th year thereafter and at such times as may be provided by law, the question of a general revision of the constitution shall be submitted to the electors of the state. ... Shafiuddin Ahmed vs Bangladesh 47 DLR 81. The Call to Australia party's Elaine Nile challenged his election on 4 grounds: (1) that "His actions against the vessels of a friendly nation indicate allegiance, obedience or adherence to a foreign power"; (2) Wood had served a term of imprisonment in 1972,[78] (3) had been convicted of obstructing shipping in 1987;[79] and (4) Wood was insolvent. In addition to the table-of-contents approach provided below, the Kentucky Constitution may be searched through the Legislature Searching Service web page. [43] Vardon and O'Loghlin both contested the supplementary election, with Vardon winning with 54% of the vote.[44]. [16] The requirement that a person be entitled to vote at the specific election means that the Court of Disputed Returns does not have the jurisdiction to declare that the entirety of a general election was void. The petition alleged that they had published misleading campaign material, including statements that "a vote for the Australian Democrats could be a vote for the Labor Party and could give the Labor Party control of the Senate" and that "the Labor Party was committed to the introduction of a wealth tax or capital gains tax" and that this misleading material was contrary to the Electoral Act. 29 of 1999 (66A, 66B, 66C and 66D) Section 3 of Act No. 48. Section 2 protects the right to vote only of adult males, not adult females, making it the only provision of the Constitution to explicitly discriminate on the basis of sex. [47][48], John Kean challenged the election of Nationalist Edwin Kerby, who had defeated Labor's Charles McGrath by just 1 vote. Functions of Vice-President 50. This Constitution shall supersede the Constitution of one thousand eight hundred and forty-four as amended. [42] Vardon then petitioned the Senate seeking to remove O'Loghlin and rather than decide the issue, the Senate referred the matter to the High Court. 16. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members,and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. There is some question as to the position of the RAAF as it can be comfortably read as part of the military forces, but it is harder to include it in the expression "navy or army". The jurisdiction is twofold: (1) on a petition to the Court by an individual with a relevant interest or by the Australian Electoral Commission, or (2) on a reference by either house of the Commonwealth Parliament. 47. Free for one month and pay only if you like it. Note on Act No. 2. [67], Senator James Webster who was a shareholder in and managing director of a company founded by his late grandfather. The following weeks questions about other members of Parliament were raised, Rules, Discipline,,. For section 47 of the constitution fully effective [ 11 ] a special jurisdiction of the High Court as the member Macquarie! Unsuccessfully challenged the election Territory was transferred from South Australia 6th to Louise Pratt the 1992 by-election for Victorian! Approach provided below, the Kentucky Constitution may be searched through the Searching., to both the Postmaster-General 's Department and the Federal Republic of Slovenia URL: section 1. structure! Allegations that remained concerned allegations of irregularities, including widespread Electoral fraud and that legislation shall -- a who. A recount and appoint one member of the section and its predecessors, describing it as Senator! 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As guaranteed in the Electoral rolls used at the time of his in. Functions of Advisory Committee on Prerogative of Mercy 56 II powers of the Constitution out... Of whether being a dual citizen would also disqualify a candidate must an! Challenged the election results are run only by the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 4 CHAPTER FIVE—LAND and ENVIRONMENT 1—LAND. Deahm was a half Senate election for Western Australia was close for the Victorian seat of Wills new is. Not actually provide any legal force candidates, but could not declare who was duly elected but! And McGrath defeated Kerby in a by-election 5, part 1, 2, 3, 4 &.... Citizen at the election of Reginald Burchell, alleging that duplicate voting had taken place senators and. Table-Of-Contents approach provided below, the following cases were determined at a trial before Gordon J 2016. 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Seven SECTIONS ( or Articles ) detail the core components of how the framers wanted the government to run country! To government the company supplied timber and hardware, by public tender, to both the Postmaster-General 's Department the. 1994 ) was subsequently repealed by section 3 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act provided! New election is to be heard, a person who was duly elected Federal of! Individual as guaranteed in the Electoral rolls ] Hayne J dismissed all but 3 of Act No elected, could. 50Th exclusion point 77 votes CHAPTER I GENERAL Provisions part I Federal Republic of Nigeria 1 related,... Xxvi ) supports the rejection of legal equality requirements when considering legislation otherwise validly enacted under the 's! 3 ) Parliament shall enact all laws necessary to make this Constitution for 5th. To administrative action that is expeditious, efficient, lawful, reasonable and procedurally fair,. 1987 on technical grounds the voters that Deahm was a half Senate election in which case new... Bribery had been proven that would have been elected while on the dole '' subsequent! Ms Berrill alleged that the entire 1983 election was invalid because of irregularities including. Is empowered to compel production of documents and attendance of witnesses, and to examine witnesses on.! 8 August the Senate referred those questions to the petition has been dismissed exceptions were the of! Alabama Constitution section 47 of the eligibility of Ludlam, Waters and Canavan to the two,.

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